HCG Network

Critical Care Medicine


Critical care medicine, also known as intensive care medicine, is a specialised field that focuses on the management of life-threatening conditions and organ failure. Critical care physicians, called intensivists, provide comprehensive care in specialised units known as intensive care units (ICUs). They specialise in treating conditions, such as respiratory failure, sepsis, acute kidney injury, trauma, and cardiac arrest. Respiratory failure can be caused by conditions like pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening condition characterised by a systemic inflammatory response to infection. Acute kidney injury occurs when the kidneys suddenly fail to function properly. Trauma patients with severe injuries require immediate critical care to stabilise their condition. Cardiac arrest is a medical emergency that requires immediate intervention to restore normal heart function. In the ICU, critical care physicians utilise advanced medical technologies, monitoring systems, and collaborate with multidisciplinary teams to deliver specialised and timely care to patients, with the goal of improving outcomes and saving lives. Critical care medicine plays a crucial role in providing critical support and medical interventions to patients in their most vulnerable and critical state.


  • Head injury and abdominal injury
  • Poisoning
  • Cardiovascular disease management
  • Round-the-clock availability of registrar (post-graduate doctors)


  • E-ICU facility – First time in Rajkot
  • High-end ICU
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO)
  • Continuous Renal Replacement Therapies (CRRT)
  • Ventilatory Care Dialysis
  • ICU on wheels to transport critically ill patients
  • Positive and negative pressure-controlled isolation rooms
  • Tele monitoring facility
  • Bedside ABG analysis

Our Expert Doctors


What is Critical Care Medicine, and how does it differ from other medical specialties?

Critical Care Medicine is a specialised branch that focuses on the management of critically ill patients. Unlike other specialties, critical care physicians provide comprehensive, round-the-clock care to patients with life-threatening conditions, often in the intensive care unit (ICU). They have expertise in managing complex medical problems and coordinating multi-disciplinary care.

When is a patient considered to be in critical condition and in need of critical care?

patient is considered critical when they have a severe, life-threatening illness or injury that requires close monitoring and intensive treatment. Conditions such as severe infections, organ failure, major trauma, or post-surgical complications often necessitate critical care. The severity and complexity of the condition determine the need for specialized care in the ICU.

What are the common conditions and diseases that require critical care intervention?

Critical care is required for a wide range of conditions, including severe respiratory distress, heart failure, sepsis, acute kidney injury, traumatic brain injury, and postoperative complications. Patients with severe infections, severe burns, or those undergoing major surgeries may also need critical care support to stabilise and manage their condition.

What should I expect during my stay in the critical care unit?

During your stay in the critical care unit, you will receive continuous monitoring of vital signs, medications, and specialised treatments. You may be connected to various medical devices. The critical care team will closely observe your condition, provide necessary interventions, and address any immediate concerns to stabilise and improve your health.

What types of medical professionals are involved in providing critical care?

Critical care teams typically consist of critical care physicians, specialised nurses, respiratory therapists, pharmacists, and other healthcare professionals. These professionals work collaboratively to provide comprehensive and specialised care, ensuring that patients receive timely interventions, monitoring, and support tailored to their specific needs.

How do critical care doctors and nurses monitor and support vital functions in critically ill patients?

Critical care doctors and nurses employ advanced monitoring techniques such as continuous cardiac monitoring, pulse oximetry, arterial lines, and invasive pressure monitoring. They also administer medications, manage ventilators, perform procedures like intubation, and provide specialised interventions to maintain stable vital functions and support organ systems in critically ill patients.

Will I be conscious and able to communicate while receiving critical care?

Depending on your condition, you may be conscious and able to communicate with the healthcare team. However, in certain situations where sedation or mechanical ventilation is required, you may not be fully conscious. The critical care team will prioritise your comfort and communicate with you and your family to ensure your needs are met.


What are the potential risks and complications associated with critical care treatment?

Critical care treatments carry potential risks such as infections, medication reactions, bleeding, organ dysfunction, and complications related to invasive procedures. The critical care team takes precautions to minimise these risks and closely monitors patients for any adverse events. They will inform you about potential risks and take steps to prevent them.

How long do patients typically stay in the critical care unit, and what factors determine the duration of the stay?

The length of your stay in the critical care unit varies depending on the severity of the illness or injury, the response to treatment, and individual factors. Some patients may require only a few days of critical care, while others with complex conditions may stay for weeks. The critical care team will keep you informed about your progress and expected duration of your stay.


How can I support the recovery process after being discharged from the critical care unit?

After discharge from the critical care unit, it’s important to follow the instructions provided by the critical care team. Attend follow-up appointments, take prescribed medications, engage in recommended rehabilitation or therapy, and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Seek emotional support from family, friends, or counseling services if needed, as recovery from critical illness can be a gradual process.

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