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Ophthalmology is a specialised field of medicine dedicated to diagnosing and treating various eye conditions. At HCG Hospitals, our Department of Ophthalmology is committed to delivering exceptional ophthalmology treatment to patients. We deliver comprehensive ophthalmology care encompassing a diverse spectrum of eye conditions, such as cataracts, glaucoma, refractive errors, retinal diseases, and corneal disorders. Our specialised expertise also extends to the management of rare and complex eye conditions that require specialised ophthalmology treatment.

At HCG Hospitals, we place the utmost importance on the well-being of our patients in the field of ophthalmology. We integrate advanced technology, clinical expertise, and compassionate care to deliver the highest quality of ophthalmology treatment.


  • Personalised treatment plans for specific eye conditions
  • Multidisciplinary care coordination with eye care specialists
  • Comprehensive eye examinations
  • Cataract surgery
  • Refractive surgery
  • Glaucoma management
  • Retina and vitreous disorders
  • Cornea and external diseases
  • Oculoplastic and orbital surgery
  • Paediatric ophthalmology


  • Diagnostic tools
  • Visual acuity assessment
  • Refraction testing
  • Intraocular pressure measurement
  • PRK

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When should I schedule an appointment with an ophthalmologist?

It is recommended to schedule an appointment with an ophthalmologist if you experience any significant changes in your vision, such as sudden loss of vision, blurry vision, eye pain, or if you have been diagnosed with an eye condition that requires specialised care. Regular eye examinations are also important to monitor the health of your eyes and detect any potential issues early on. Additionally, if you have a family history of eye diseases or other risk factors, consulting an ophthalmologist is advised.

What can I expect during an eye examination by an ophthalmologist?

During an eye examination with an ophthalmologist, they will assess your visual acuity, evaluate your eye health, and check for any signs of eye diseases or conditions. This may involve dilating your pupils to get a better view of the internal structures of your eyes. They may also use specialized tests to measure your eye pressure, examine your peripheral vision, and assess the health of your retinas. Based on the findings, the ophthalmologist will provide a diagnosis, discuss treatment options if needed, and address any concerns you may have.

Can ophthalmologists perform eye surgeries?

Yes, ophthalmologists are trained to perform various eye surgeries. They can perform procedures such as cataract surgery, LASIK or PRK laser vision correction, corneal transplantation, glaucoma surgery, retinal detachment repair, and eyelid surgery, among others. Ophthalmologists receive extensive surgical training and have the expertise to perform these procedures safely and effectively. They will determine if surgery is necessary for your specific condition and discuss the details, benefits, and potential risks associated with the procedure.

What are some common eye conditions treated by ophthalmologists?

Ophthalmologists diagnose and treat a wide range of eye conditions. Some common conditions they manage include cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, corneal diseases, refractive errors, retinal detachment, eye infections, and ocular trauma. They provide both medical and surgical interventions to treat these conditions and work closely with patients to develop personalised treatment plans that address their specific needs.

Can ophthalmologists prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses?

Yes, ophthalmologists can prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses based on your visual needs.They will perform a comprehensive eye examination to determine your prescription requirements. However, it’s important to note that while ophthalmologists can prescribe corrective lenses, they often work in collaboration with opticians who specialise in fitting and dispensing glasses and contact lenses. Opticians can provide guidance in selecting the most suitable frames or contact lenses based on the ophthalmologist’s prescription.

Can ophthalmologists provide treatment for dry eyes?

Yes, ophthalmologists can provide treatment for dry eyes. Dry eye syndrome occurs when the eyes do not produce enough tears or the tears evaporate too quickly, leading to discomfort, redness, and irritation. Ophthalmologists can diagnose the underlying cause of dry eyes and recommend appropriate treatments. These may include artificial tears, prescription medications, lifestyle modifications, and in some cases, procedures to block tear drainage or stimulate tear production. The treatment approach will depend on the severity and underlying cause of your dry eye condition.

Are there preventive measures I can take to maintain good eye health?

Yes, there are several preventive measures you can take to maintain good eye health. These include scheduling regular eye exams, protecting your eyes from harmful UV rays by wearing sunglasses, maintaining a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet and regular exercise, practicing good eye hygiene, taking breaks from extended screen time to reduce eye strain, and avoiding smoking. It’s also crucial to follow any specific recommendations provided by your ophthalmologist based on your individual needs and risk factors.

What should I do in case of an eye emergency?

In case of an eye emergency, it is important to seek immediate medical attention. If you experience sudden vision loss, severe eye pain, eye trauma, chemical exposure to the eye, or any other urgent eye-related problem, go to the nearest emergency room or call your ophthalmologist immediately. They will provide guidance on how to handle the situation and may need to perform immediate interventions to protect your vision and prevent further damage.

What is the recommended frequency for eye exams?

The recommended frequency for eye exams can vary depending on your age, overall health, and any existing eye conditions or risk factors. As a general guideline, adults with no known eye conditions should have a comprehensive eye exam every 1-2 years. Individuals over the age of 60 or those with existing eye conditions may require more frequent exams. Children should have their first comprehensive eye exam at around 6 months of age, followed by additional exams at age 3 and before starting school. Your ophthalmologist will provide personalised recommendations based on your specific needs.

Is it necessary to continue seeing an ophthalmologist after undergoing eye surgery?

Yes, it is generally necessary to continue seeing an ophthalmologist after undergoing eye surgery. Regular post-operative check-ups are essential to monitor the healing process, assess visual acuity, and address any potential complications. Your ophthalmologist will provide a post-operative care plan and schedule follow-up appointments accordingly. These visits allow your ophthalmologist to ensure that you are healing properly, adjust any medications or treatments if needed, and provide ongoing support and guidance throughout your recovery.

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